Balanced generalized weighing matrices and their applications

  • Dieter Jungnickel
  • H. Kharaghani
Keywords: Balanced generalized weighing matrix, Relative difference set, Simple code, Symmetric design, Regular Hamard matrix, Productive regular Hamard matrix, Bush-type Hamard matrix


Balanced generalized weighing matrices include well-known classical combinatorial objects such as Hadamard matrices and conference matrices; moreover, particular classes of BGW -matrices are equivalent to certain relative difference sets. BGW -matrices admit an interesting geometrical interpretation, and in this context they generalize notions like projective planes admitting a full elation or homology group. After surveying these basic connections, we will focus attention on proper BGW -matrices; thus we will not give any systematic treatment of generalized Hadamard matrices, which are the subject of a large area of research in their own right.
In particular, we will discuss what might be called the classical parameter series. Here the nicest examples are closely related to perfect codes and to some classical relative difference sets associated with affine geometries; moreover, the matrices in question can be characterized as the unique (up to equivalence) BGW -matrices for the given parameters with minimum q-rank.
One can also obtain a wealth of monomially inequivalent examples and deterĀ  mine the q-ranks of all these matrices by exploiting a connection with linear shift register sequences.