Potential analysis for a class of diffusion equations: a Gaussian bounds approach

  • Ermanno Lanconelli Universita’ degli Studi di Bologna
Keywords: Hörmander vector field, Gaussian bounds, Harnack inequality


Let H be a linear second order partial differential operator with non-negative characteristic form in a strip S ⊂ R^N ×R. We assume that H as a fundamental solution, smooth out of its poles and bounded from above and from below by Gaussian kernels modeled on subriemannian doubling distances in R^N. Under these assumptions we show that H endows S with a structure of β-harmonic space. This allows us to study boundary value problems for L with a Perron-Wiener-Brelot-Bauer method, and to obtain pointwise regularity estimates at the boundary in terms of Wiener series modeled on the Gaussian kernels. Our analysis includes the proof of a scale invariant Harnack inequality for nonnegative solutions. We also show an application to the real hypersurphaces of C^{n+1} with given Levi-curvature.

Author Biography

Ermanno Lanconelli, Universita’ degli Studi di Bologna
Dipartimento di Matematica
P.zza di Porta S. Donato, 5
40127 - Bologna - Italy